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For people with Down syndrome, family members, caregivers and professionals.

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Colon Cancer Screening for People with Down Syndrome

Author: Brian Chicoine, MD - Medical Director, Adult Down Syndrome Center

Is colon cancer screening recommended for people with Down syndrome? Please note that this handout discusses screening colonoscopies (i.e. colonoscopies performed to identify pre-symptomatic or unreco

Sport Preparticipation Screening for Asymptomatic Atlantoaxial Instability in Patients with Down Syndrome

Author: Tomlinson et al. - Clinical Journal of Sport Medicine (2018)

Abstract Down syndrome (DS) is a clinical syndrome comprising typical facial features and various physical and intellectual disabilities due to extra genetic material on chromosome 21, with one in eve

Ligamentous Laxity

Author: Peter Waller, DO - Family Medicine Resident, Advocate Lutheran General Hospital

Ligaments are bands of fibrous connective tissue in our body that connect one bone to another bone and provide support to our joints. In people with Down syndrome, these ligaments tend to be loose lea

Atlantoaxial Instability Screening

Author: Brian Chicoine, MD - Medical Director, Adult Down Syndrome Center

Atlantoaxial instability (AAI) is subluxation or slippage of the first neck vertebrae in relation to the second. It is more common in people with Down syndrome (DS) and there are unique screening cons

Mammograms

Author: Sravanthi Paritala, MD - Family Medicine Resident, Advocate Lutheran General Hospital

What is a mammogram? A mammogram is a special type of x-ray that looks for breast cancer, which is the most common cancer among women. The United States Preventive Services Task Force (USPSTF) recomme

Bereavement

Author: Down's Syndrome Association - Booklet

People with and without Down syndrome experience grief and sadness when a loved one dies. We have learned from individuals with Down syndrome and their families that grief can be experienced different

Self-Reported Presence and Experience of Pain in Adults with Down Syndrome

Author: de Knegt et al. - Pain Medicine (2017)

Abstract Objective: The aim was to examine whether the presence of pain (based on physical conditions and participants’ report) and self-reported pain experience in adults with Down syndrome

Grief - Ways to Help Support Someone with Down Syndrome Who is Grieving

Author: Shana Sexton, LCSW - Social Worker, Adult Down Syndrome Center

1. Acknowledge and normalize the person’s feelings. It’s important for someone to know that their feelings, whatever they are, are normal and they are not alone. It can help just t

Grief - 10 Things I Know

Author: Shana Sexton, LCSW - Social Worker, Adult Down Syndrome Center

I’ve heard it said that everyone experiences loss in their lives, although some people have more than others. People with Down syndrome encounter situations involving grief and loss just lik

Low Risk of Solid Tumors in Persons with Down Syndrome

Author: Hasle et al. - Genetics in Medicine (2016)

Abstract Purpose:  The aim of this study was to investigate cancer incidence in a large cohort of persons with Down syndrome.  Methods:  Down syndrome was identified from th

Pain Perception in People with Down Syndrome: A Synthesis of Clinical and Experimental Research

Author: McGuire & Defrin - Frontiers in Behavioral Neuroscience (2015)

Abstract People with an intellectual disability experience both acute and chronic pain with at least the same frequency as the general population. However, considerably less is known about the pain pe

Breast Cancer Screening for Women with Down Syndrome

Author: Chicoine et al. - Intellectual and Developmental Disabilities (2015)

Abstract This study examined mammogram reports of women with Down syndrome (DS) treated in the largest medical facility specifically serving adults with DS in the United States. Records of 684 women a

Knee Pain from Patellofemoral Syndrome

Author: Julia Howell, MD - Family Medicine Resident, Advocate Lutheran General Hospital

People with Down syndrome can often have laxity, or looseness, of the ligaments that support joints. The knee is no exception. The patella, or knee cap, attaches to the muscles of the upper and lower

Fatigue

Author: Brian Chicoine, MD - Medical Director, Adult Down Syndrome Center

I recently had a couple inquiries about people with Down syndrome in their 50s or 60s who developed increased fatigue and falling asleep easily (these were new symptoms). Questions asked included: Is

Pain Expression and Stimulus Localisation in Individuals with Down's Syndrome

Author: Hennequin et al. - The Lancet (2000)

Abstract Background:  Individuals with Down's syndrome do not always exhibit signs of distress in reaction to noxious stimuli comparable with the general population. This pilot study

A Murine Model for Down Syndrome Shows Reduced Responsiveness to Pain

Author: Martinez-Cue et al. - NeuroReport

Abstract TS65DN mice have an extra chromosome that contains a segment of chromosome 16 homologous to the Down syndrome ‘critical region’ of human chromosome 21. Since pain transmis

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Please note: The information on this site is for educational purposes only and is not intended to serve as a substitute for a medical, psychiatric, mental health, or behavioral evaluation, diagnosis, or treatment plan by a qualified professional. We recommend you review the educational material with your health providers regarding the specifics of your health care needs.

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