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For people with Down syndrome, family members, caregivers and professionals.

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Lactose Intolerance

Author: Brian Chicoine, MD - Medical Director, Adult Down Syndrome Center

People with Down syndrome can experience a variety of gastrointestinal issues. One of them is intolerance to foods containing lactose. Lactose is a sugar found in dairy products like milk and ice crea

Mammograms

Author: Sravanthi Paritala, MD - Family Medicine Resident, Advocate Lutheran General Hospital

What is a mammogram? A mammogram is a special type of x-ray that looks for breast cancer, which is the most common cancer among women. The United States Preventive Services Task Force (USPSTF) recomme

Family Care Toolkit

Author: National Down Syndrome Congress - Resource

The Family Care Toolkit linked below is a resource created by the National Down Syndrome Congress with the support of the Global Down Syndrome Foundation. It helps families and primary caregivers gath

How I Learn

Author: GiGi's Playhouse - Video and Handout

The link below goes to a resource from Gigi's Playhouse called "How I Learn." It includes a video and handout that share information about how individuals with Down syndrome

Celiac Disease

Author: Robert Campbell, DO - Family Medicine Resident, Advocate Lutheran General Hospital

What is celiac disease? Celiac disease is characterized by inflammation of the lining of the small intestine that occurs when the intestine is exposed to gluten (see more on gluten below). Specificall

Constipation in Down Syndrome

Author: Samantha Ghanayem-Bouikidis, MD - Family Medicine Resident, Advocate Lutheran General Hospital

Constipation is a common problem in people with Down syndrome as well as the general population. Studies show that chronic constipation affects between 2 and 27% of the general population. It is thoug

Gastroesophageal Reflux Disease

Author: Allison Schnitzler, MD - Family Medicine Resident, Advocate Lutheran General Hospital

Gastroesophageal Reflux Disease (GERD), also known as acid reflux and heartburn, is common among people both with and without Down syndrome. One study showed that as many as 44% (almost one half!) of

Attending a Summer Camp

Author: Shane Sexton, LCSW - Social Worker, Adult Down Syndrome Center

It may be hard to believe when many of us are still shivering in our winter coats, but summer is just around the corner! Summer is not only a time to soak up sunshine and enjoy family vacations but a

Estimation of the Number of People with Down Syndrome in the United States

Author: de Graaf, Buckley, & Skotko - Genetics in Medicine (2016)

Abstract: Purpose:  An accurate accounting of persons with Down syndrome (DS) has remained elusive because no population-based registries exist in the United States. The purpose of this study

Low Risk of Solid Tumors in Persons with Down Syndrome

Author: Hasle, Friedman, Olsen, & Rasmussen - Genetics in Medicine (2016)

Abstract Purpose:  The aim of this study was to investigate cancer incidence in a large cohort of persons with Down syndrome.  Methods:  Down syndrome was identified from th

Morbidity and Medication in a Large Population of Individuals with Down Syndrome Compared to the General Population

Author: Alexander, Petri, Ding, Wandel, Khwaja, & Foskett - Developmental Medicine and Child Neurology (2015)

Abstract Aim: The aim of this study was to describe the incidence of morbidities and the prevalence of medical prescriptions in a large Down syndrome population. Me

Breast Cancer Screening for Women with Down Syndrome

Author: Chicoine, Roth, Chicoine, & Sulo - Intellectual and Developmental Disabilities (2015)

Abstract: This study examined mammogram reports of women with Down syndrome (DS) treated in the largest medical facility specifically serving adults with DS in the United States. Records of 684 women

Supporting a Happy, Healthy Adolescence for Young People with Down Syndrome and Other Intellectual Disabilities: Recommendations for Clinicians

Author: Baumer & Davidson - Current Opinion in Pediatrics (2014)

Abstract Purpose of Review:  To review clinical updates and current healthcare issues for adolescents with Down syndrome and intellectual disabilities, including behavioral, social, and emoti

The Utility of Anti-Tissue Transglutaminase Antibody-IgA (tTG-IgA) Testing for Celiac Disease in Adults with Down Syndrome

Author: Chicoine, Parikh, Sulo, & Chicoine - American Journal of Clinical Medicine

Abstract:  Objectives:  We assessed the diagnostic accuracy of the anti-tissue transglutaminase IgA antibody (tTG-IgA) test compared to esophagogastroduodenoscopy (EGD) in adults wit

Recurrent Pneumonia

Author: Brian Chicoine, MD - Medical Director, Adult Down Syndrome Center

Definition of Pneumonia  (by the Mayo Clinic ) Pneumonia is an infection that inflames the air sacs in one or both lungs. The air sacs may fill with fluid or pus, causing cough with phlegm or

Two Opposite Issues

Author: Brian Chicoine, MD - Medical Director, Adult Down Syndrome Center

Two Opposite Issues All is not Down syndrome (and all people with DS are not the same) There are common characteristics of people with Down syndrome   Part 1: All is not Down syndrome A Grace

Definition of Health

Author: Brian Chicoine, MD - Medical Director, Adult Down Syndrome Center

Health is a state of complete physical, mental, and social well-being and not merely the absence of disease or infirmity. (World Health Organization) At the Adult Down Syndrome Center, we strive to ad

Health Watch Table - Down Syndrome

Author: Developmental Disabilities Health Care Toolkit Advisory Committee - Toolkit for Primary Care Providers

The health watch table linked below contains recommendations for a number of areas of health for people with Down syndrome including otolaryngology, dental, cardiovascular, sleep, respiratory, gastroi

Celiac Disease and Obsessive Compulsive Disorder

Author: Brian Chicoine, MD - Medical Director, Adult Down Syndrome Center

Can celiac disease cause obsessive compulsive disorder? This question was recently asked by a family member of a person with Down syndrome.  I have reviewed several articles and other informa

Celiac Testing in Adolescents and Adults with Down Syndrome

Author: Brian Chicoine, MD - Medical Director, Adult Down Syndrome Center

The starting place for making the diagnosis of celiac disease is the history and physical exam. The symptoms of celiac disease can vary widely (see resource on the description of celiac disease). The

Celiac Treatment

Author: Brian Chicoine, MD - Medical Director, Adult Down Syndrome Center

How is celiac disease treated? The treatment for celiac disease is diet. It requires strict adherence to eliminating gluten in the diet. How do I get started? The recommended first step is a consultat

The Guide to Good Health for Teens & Adults with Down Syndrome

Author: Brian Chicoine, MD & Dennis McGuire, PhD - Book (2010)

Publisher's Book Description: The authors of the bestselling  Mental Wellness in Adults with Down Syndrome  turn their attention to the physical health of teens and adults wi

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