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For people with Down syndrome, family members, caregivers and professionals.

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Tips for Going Up and Down Stairs Safely

Author: Katie Frank, PhD, OTR/L - Occupational Therapist, Adult Down Syndrome Center

Going up and down stairs can be challenging for some people with Down syndrome. Aging, differences in depth perception, unsteady gait, and other issues may contribute to difficulty with navigating sta

Today & Tomorrow: A Guide to Aging with Down Syndrome

Author: Canadian Down Syndrome Society - Resource

The resource linked below is a guidebook on aging from the Canadian Down Syndrome Society. While some of the information and recommendations are specific to Canada, the resource contains helpful infor

Keeping Connected to Someone with Memory Loss

Author: All Trust Home Care

This two-page resource provides ideas for staying connected to someone who is experiencing memory loss.

Seizures in People with Down Syndrome and Alzheimer's Disease

Author: Brian Chicoine, MD - Medical Director, Adult Down Syndrome Center

We were sent a question about seizures in a person with Down syndrome who developed Alzheimer’s disease. The individual continued to experience seizures despite being treated with l

The Pattern of Malignancies in Down Syndrome and Its Potential Context with the Immune System

Author: Satge & Seidel - Frontiers in Immunology (2018)

Abstract The immune surveillance theory of cancer posits that the body's immune system detects and destroys randomly occurring malignant cells. This theory is based on the observation of the i

Vision in Adults with Down Syndrome

Author: Lalithasree Chintam, MD - Family Medicine Resident, Advocate Lutheran General Hospital

People with Down syndrome (DS) experience many of the common eye problems that people without DS experience. Some people with DS experience these common eye problems more frequently and/or at an earli

Colon Cancer Screening for People with Down Syndrome

Author: Brian Chicoine, MD - Medical Director, Adult Down Syndrome Center

Is colon cancer screening recommended for people with Down syndrome? Please note that this handout discusses screening colonoscopies (i.e. colonoscopies performed to identify pre-symptomatic or unreco

Seizures

Author: Aashima Ghai, DO - Family Medicine Resident, Adult Down Syndrome Center

Definition: Seizures are waves of abnormal electrical activity in the brain. The brain has multiple nerve cells that create and receive electrical impulses which help the cells communicate with each o

Advance Directives - Forms for Illinois Residents

Author: Illinois Department of Public Health - Website

An advance directive is a written statement you prepare that expresses how you want medical decisions made in the future should you not be able to make them yourself. Illinois law allows you

Psychogenic Non-Epileptic Seizures or Fake Seizures

Author: Brian Chicoine, MD - Medical Director, Adult Down Syndrome Center

We periodically get asked questions about “fake seizures.” They have also been called “pseudo-seizures” but are now more accurately called non-epileptic seizure

Strokes and Down Syndrome

Author: Brian Chicoine, MD - Medical Director, Adult Down Syndrome Center

Strokes occur when the blood supply to the brain is compromised, which deprives the brain of needed oxygen and glucose. Strokes can be caused by atherosclerotic disease (a disease in which the inside

Startle Reflex and Myoclonus

Author: Brian Chicoine, MD - Medical Director, Adult Down Syndrome Center

We were asked a question about increased “startle reflex” in a 30-year-old. Please note: The information below is for educational purposes only and is not intended to serve as a su

Mammograms

Author: Sravanthi Paritala, MD - Family Medicine Resident, Advocate Lutheran General Hospital

What is a mammogram? A mammogram is a special type of x-ray that looks for breast cancer, which is the most common cancer among women. The United States Preventive Services Task Force (USPSTF) recomme

Aging and Down Syndrome: A Health & Well-Being Guidebook

Author: National Down Syndrome Society - Resource

The resource linked below is a guidebook from the National Down Syndrome Society . According to the Introduction, "Adults with Down syndrome, along with their families and caregivers, need ac

Alzheimer's Disease & Down Syndrome: A Practical Guidebook for Caregivers

Author: National Down Syndrome Society - Resource

The guidebook linked below was published by the National Down Syndrome Society "to help empower families and caregivers with knowledge about the connection between Down syndrome and Alzheimer

The Role of Polypharmacy - General Aging in Intellectual and Developmental Disabilities

Author: Julie A. Moran, DO - Geriatrician, Aging and Intellectual/Developmental Disabilities Specialist

The webinar recording below was shared by the Center for Developmental Disabilities Evaluation and Research (CDDER) and the Massachusetts Department of Developmental Services (DDS). The presentation s

Osteoporosis and Osteopenia: Low Bone Density

Author: Kevin Conley, MD - Family Medicine Resident, Advocate Lutheran General Hospital

Osteoporosis and osteopenia are conditions where bones become more brittle and prone to breaking. Osteopenia is the less severe form and a signal to work on improving bone health. Anyone can develop t

Low Risk of Solid Tumors in Persons with Down Syndrome

Author: Hasle, Friedman, Olsen, & Rasmussen - Genetics in Medicine (2016)

Abstract Purpose:  The aim of this study was to investigate cancer incidence in a large cohort of persons with Down syndrome.  Methods:  Down syndrome was identified from th

Breast Cancer Screening for Women with Down Syndrome

Author: Chicoine, Roth, Chicoine, & Sulo - Intellectual and Developmental Disabilities (2015)

Abstract: This study examined mammogram reports of women with Down syndrome (DS) treated in the largest medical facility specifically serving adults with DS in the United States. Records of 684 women

Jenny's Diary: A Resource to Support Conversations about Dementia with People who have an Intellectual Disability

Author: Karen Watchman, Irene Tuffrey-Wijne, & Sam Quinn - University of Stirling

The resource linked below is a free to download booklet and set of postcards aimed at supporting conversations about dementia with people who have an intellectual disability. https://www.learningdisab

Neurobehavioral Disorders in Children, Adolescents, and Young Adults with Down Syndrome

Author: Capone et al. - American Journal of Medical Genetics Part C (2006)

Abstract: The term dual-diagnosis refers to a person with mental retardation and psychiatric disorder. Most children with Down syndrome (DS) do not have a psychiatric or neurobehavioral disorder. Curr

Nursing Home Placement

Author: Brian Chicoine, MD - Medical Director, Adult Down Syndrome Center

Placement of individuals with Down syndrome in nursing homes has been a challenging issue for a number of years. In Illinois, many individuals with intellectual disabilities were sent to live in nursi

Life Expectancy

Author: Brian Chicoine, MD - Medical Director, Adult Down Syndrome Center

As we mention in our resource “ Two Syndromes ,” there are four main areas that we see are affecting people with Down syndrome in a positive way. The effect has been so great in so

Longevity of a Woman With Down Syndrome

Author: Chicoine & McGuire - Mental Retardation (1997)

Abstract: A case of a woman who is among the longest surviving people with Down syndrome was described. The life expectancy of persons with Down syndrome has increased more than six-fold to 56 years s

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Please note: The information on this site is for educational purposes only and is not intended to serve as a substitute for a medical, psychiatric, mental health, or behavioral evaluation, diagnosis, or treatment plan by a qualified professional. We recommend you review the educational material with your health providers regarding the specifics of your health care needs.

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