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For people with Down syndrome, family members, caregivers and professionals.

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An International Survey on the Impact of COVID-19 in Individuals with Down Syndrome

Author: Huls et al. - EClinicalMedicine (2020)

Abstract Background:  Health conditions, immune dysfunction, and premature aging associated with trisomy 21 (Down syndrome, DS) may impact the clinical course of COVID-19. Methods:  The T21RS COVID-19 Initiative launched an international survey for clinicians or caregivers 

Benefits and Harms of Mammography Screening for Women with Down Syndrome

Author: Alagoz et al. - Journal of General Internal Medicine (2019)

Abstract: Background:  Women with Down syndrome have a lower breast cancer risk and significantly lower life expectancies than women without Down syndrome. Therefore, it is not clear whether mammography screening strategies used for women without Down syndrome would benefit women with Down

Breast Cancer Screening for Women with Down Syndrome

Author: Chicoine, Roth, Chicoine, & Sulo - Intellectual and Developmental Disabilities (2015)

Abstract: This study examined mammogram reports of women with Down syndrome (DS) treated in the largest medical facility specifically serving adults with DS in the United States. Records of 684 women and results of 993 mammograms were reviewed, including 902 screening and 93 diagnostic mammograms. O

Cancer Screening in Adults with Down Syndrome: A Proposal

Author: Rethore, Rousse, Satge - European Journal of Medical Genetics (2019)

Abstract Background : The specific distribution of cancers in Down syndrome (DS) calls into question the validity of screening policies for cancer surveillance as implemented for the general population. Methods : We performed a literature review of cancer screening opportunities for adults with DS t

Clinical Characteristics of Individuals with Down Syndrome Deceased with COVID-19 in Italy - A Case Series

Author: Villani et al. - American Journal of Medical Genetics Part A (2020)

Abstract Background:  Persons with Down syndrome (DS) are presumed to be at high risk of severe CoVID-19 due to immune dysregulation and often compromised cardiopulmonary function. Aim of the present study is to assess epidemiological and clinical characteristics of individuals with DS dece

COVID-19 Mortality Risk in Down Syndrome: Results from a Cohort Study of 8 Million Adults

Author: Clift et al. - Annals of Internal Medicine (2020)

The article linked below describes the findings of a study that evaluated Down syndrome as a risk factor for death from COVID-19 through an analysis of individual-level data in a cohort study of 8.26 million adults. It was published at annals.org on October 21, 2020. Full-text (no cost):  h

COVID-19 Resources

Author: Adult Down Syndrome Center - Resource List

Many organizations are compiling COVID-19 resource lists. We have included links to some of them below.  The amount of information about COVID-19 can be overwhelming and can cause anxiety and stress. Our mental health is just as important as our physical health during this time. We recommen

DSMIG Response to CDC Mask Recommendations

Author: Down Syndrome Medical Interest Group - USA - DSMIG-USA

In May 2021, the Down Syndrome Medical Interest Group shared a position statement titled "Response to Centers for Disease Control Mask Recommendations." This document shares information that people with Down syndrome and their families may want to consider in ligh

DSMIG-USA IDD COVID-19 Vaccination Position Statement

Author: Down Syndrome Medical Interest Group - USA - DSMIG-USA

On December 16, 2020, the Down Syndrome Medical Interest Group - USA issued a position statement on the COVID-19 vaccine. The position statement was updated on January 5, 2021 and again on May 28, 2021.     DSMIG-USA recommends the COVID-19 vaccine for individuals with Dow

Helping an Individual with Down Syndrome Tolerate COVID-19 Testing

Author: Adult Down Syndrome Center - Resource List

*Please note: this article discusses viral testing used to diagnose if an individual currently has COVID-19. This article does not discuss antibody testing used to determine if an individual was exposed to COVID-19 previously and developed some level of immunity to COVID-19.  A common metho

Low Risk of Solid Tumors in Persons with Down Syndrome

Author: Hasle, Friedman, Olsen, & Rasmussen - Genetics in Medicine (2016)

Abstract Purpose:  The aim of this study was to investigate cancer incidence in a large cohort of persons with Down syndrome.  Methods:  Down syndrome was identified from the Danish Cytogenetic Register. Cancer occurrence was identified by linkage to the Danish Cancer Regi

Medical Vulnerability of Individuals with Down Syndrome to Severe COVID-19 - Data from the Trisomy 21 Research Society and the UK ISARIC4C Survey

Author: Huls et al. - EClinicalMedicine (2021)

Abstract Background:  Health conditions, immune dysfunction, and premature aging associated with trisomy 21 (Down syndrome, DS) may impact the clinical course of COVID-19.  Methods:  The T21RS COVID-19 Initiative launched an international survey for clinicians or caregiver

Non-Discrimination in Medical Treatment for COVID-19

Author: Adult Down Syndrome Center - Resource List

Reports of potential discrimination in medical treatment for individuals with intellectual and developmental disabilities have caused fear, anxiety, and anger within the Down syndrome community. Departments of the federal government and some state governments have responded by issuing bulletins and

Risk Prediction of COVID-19 Related Death and Hospital Admission in Adults after COVID-19 Vaccination

Author: Hippisley-Cox et al. - The BMJ (2021)

Abstract: Objectives:  To derive and validate risk prediction algorithms to estimate the risk of COVID-19 related mortality and hospital admission in UK adults after one or two doses of COVID-19 vaccination. Design:  Prospective, population based cohort study using the QResearch da

T21RS COVID-19 and Down Syndrome Survey

Author: Trisomy 21 Research Society - COVID-19 Taskforce

Throughout the COVID-19 pandemic, the Trisomy 21 Research Society (T21RS) has conducted an international survey of COVID-19 in Down syndrome. Caregivers and clinicians of individuals with Down syndrome who developed COVID-19 are invited to complete the survey. The T21RS has shared the findings from

The Pattern of Malignancies in Down Syndrome and Its Potential Context with the Immune System

Author: Satge & Seidel - Frontiers in Immunology (2018)

Abstract The immune surveillance theory of cancer posits that the body's immune system detects and destroys randomly occurring malignant cells. This theory is based on the observation of the increased frequency of malignancies in primary and secondary immunodeficiencies, and is supported by

Wearing Face Masks During the COVID-19 Pandemic

Author: Adult Down Syndrome Center - Resource List

The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) recommends wearing masks in public settings, such as grocery stores and pharmacies, and when around people who do not live in your household.  The CDC provides guidance in the Masks section on their website.  A number of resource

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Please note: The information on this site is for educational purposes only and is not intended to serve as a substitute for a medical, psychiatric, mental health, or behavioral evaluation, diagnosis, or treatment plan by a qualified professional. We recommend you review the educational material with your health providers regarding the specifics of your health care needs.

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