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For people with Down syndrome, family members, caregivers and professionals.

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Increased Need for Services and Support

Author: Brian Chicoine, MD - Medical Director, Adult Down Syndrome Center

Key Points For people with and without Down syndrome, our needs may change as we age and/or develop health issues. The change in the needs may be temporary or permanent. There are a variety of ways to

Pneumonia in People with Down Syndrome

Author: Brian Chicoine, MD - Medical Director, Adult Down Syndrome Center

Key Points Lungs are vital organs in the movement of oxygen into the body and the removal of carbon dioxide. Pneumonia is an infection of the lungs. Pneumonia is more common in people with Down syndro

Aging in Adults with Down Syndrome Webinar Recording (1/29/2024)

Author: Brian Chicoine, MD, and Hannah Graham, MD - Adult Down Syndrome Center

Title:  Aging in Adults with Down Syndrome Date:  January 29, 2024 Presenters:  Brian Chicoine, MD and Hannah Graham, MD Host Organization:  Down's Syndrome

Prostate Cancer Screening in Men with Down Syndrome

Author: Brian Chicoine, MD - Medical Director, Adult Down Syndrome Center

Key Points on Prostate Cancer Prostate cancer is one of the most common types of cancer in men. There is uncertainty about the potential benefits and risks of prostate cancer screening for men.&nb

Breast Cancer and Breast Cancer Screening for Women with Down Syndrome

Author: Brian Chicoine, MD - Medical Director, Adult Down Syndrome Center

Key Points Breast cancer is less common in women with Down syndrome compared to women without Down syndrome. Currently, the recommendations for breast cancer screening are the same for women with and

Dysgerminomas in Women with Down Syndrome

Author: Brian Chicoine, MD - Medical Director, Adult Down Syndrome Center

Key Points A dysgerminoma is a type of cancer that usually occurs in a woman's ovary. There is limited research on dysgerminomas in women with Down syndrome. It is not clear if dysgerminomas a

Aging and Down Syndrome: A Health & Well-Being Guidebook

Author: National Down Syndrome Society - Resource

The resource linked below is a guidebook from the National Down Syndrome Society. According to the Introduction, "Adults with Down syndrome, along with their families and caregivers, need acc

Incidence and Clinical Outcomes of Pneumonia in Persons with Down Syndrome in the United States

Author: Janoff et al. - Vaccine (2023)

Abstract Background:  Persons with Down syndrome (DS) experience an increased risk of pneumonia. We determined the incidence and outcomes of pneumonia and relationship to underlying comorbidi

Aging and Life Expectancy

Author: Brian Chicoine, MD - Medical Director, Adult Down Syndrome Center

Today, people with Down syndrome (DS) are living longer and healthier than any other time in the past. In 1900, the life expectancy of people with DS was 9 years. By 1984, the life expectancy

Tips for Going Up and Down Stairs Safely

Author: Katie Frank, PhD, OTR/L and Abby Rowley, LCSW - Adult Down Syndrome Center

Going up and down stairs can be challenging for some people with Down syndrome. Aging, differences in depth perception, unsteady gait, and other issues may contribute to difficulty with navigating sta

End-Of-Life and Down Syndrome Guidebook

Author: National Down Syndrome Society - Resource

The resource linked below is a guidebook from the National Down Syndrome Society (NDSS). According to the Introduction, the aim of the guidebook is to "provide guidance for the crossroads and

Advance Directives - Forms for Illinois Residents

Author: Illinois Department of Public Health - Website

An advance directive is a written statement you prepare that expresses how you want medical decisions made in the future should you not be able to make them yourself. Illinois law allows you

Alzheimer's Disease Prevention and Healthy Aging in People with Down Syndrome Webinar Recording (5/18/2022)

Author: Brian Chicoine, MD - Medical Director, Adult Down Syndrome Center

Title:  Alzheimer's Disease Prevention and Healthy Aging in People with Down Syndrome Date:  May 18, 2022 Presenter:  Brian Chicoine, MD Host Organization:  

Testicular Cancer

Author: Brian Chicoine, MD - Medical Director, Adult Down Syndrome Center

Key Points Testicular cancer is more common in men with Down syndrome compared to men without Down syndrome. Health care providers can check for testicular cancer during an annual physical exam. Testi

Mechanistic Analysis of Age-Related Clinical Manifestations in Down Syndrome

Author: Chen et al. - Frontiers in Aging Neuroscience (2021)

Abstract Down syndrome (DS) is the most common genetic cause of Alzheimer's disease (AD) due to trisomy for all or part of human chromosome 21 (Hsa21). It is also associated with other phenoty

Use of Prolia to Treat Osteoporosis

Author: Brian Chicoine, MD - Medical Director, Adult Down Syndrome Center

We were asked a question about the use of Prolia to treat osteoporosis in individuals with Down syndrome. Osteoporosis is a condition in which a person's bones become brittle or weak. It can l

Aging and Alzheimer's Disease in Adults with Down Syndrome Webinar Recording (11/10/2020)

Author: Brian Chicoine, MD and Katie Frank, PhD, OTR/L - Adult Down Syndrome Center

The video below is a recording of a webinar presented by Brian Chicoine, MD and Katie Frank, PhD, OTR/L on November 10, 2020. Dr. Chicoine is the co-founder and medical director of the Adult Down Synd

Mental Wellness and Aging in Adults with Down Syndrome Webinar Recording (10/27/2020)

Author: Brian Chicoine, MD - Medical Director, Adult Down Syndrome Center

Title:  Mental Wellness and Aging in Adults with Down Syndrome Date:  October 27, 2020 Presenter:  Brian Chicoine, MD Host Organization:  Down Syndrome Association

Pneumonia and Respiratory Infections in Down Syndrome: A Scoping Review of the Literature

Author: Santoro et al. - American Journal of Medical Genetics Part A (2020)

Abstract Pneumonia and respiratory infections impact infants and children with Down syndrome; pneumonia is a leading cause of mortality in adults with Down syndrome. We aimed to review the literature

Cancer Screening in Adults with Down Syndrome: A Proposal

Author: Rethore et al. - European Journal of Medical Genetics (2019)

Abstract Background : The specific distribution of cancers in Down syndrome (DS) calls into question the validity of screening policies for cancer surveillance as implemented for the general populatio

Benefits and Harms of Mammography Screening for Women with Down Syndrome

Author: Alagoz et al. - Journal of General Internal Medicine (2019)

Abstract Background:  Women with Down syndrome have a lower breast cancer risk and significantly lower life expectancies than women without Down syndrome. Therefore, it is not clear whether m

Today & Tomorrow: A Guide to Aging with Down Syndrome

Author: Canadian Down Syndrome Society - Resource

The resource linked below is a guidebook on aging from the Canadian Down Syndrome Society. While some of the information and recommendations are specific to Canada, the resource contains helpful infor

The Pattern of Malignancies in Down Syndrome and Its Potential Context with the Immune System

Author: Satge & Seidel - Frontiers in Immunology (2018)

Abstract The immune surveillance theory of cancer posits that the body's immune system detects and destroys randomly occurring malignant cells. This theory is based on the observation of the i

Colon Cancer Screening for People with Down Syndrome

Author: Brian Chicoine, MD - Medical Director, Adult Down Syndrome Center

Is colon cancer screening recommended for people with Down syndrome? Please note that this handout discusses screening colonoscopies (i.e. colonoscopies performed to identify pre-symptomatic or unreco

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Please note: The information on this site is for educational purposes only and is not intended to serve as a substitute for a medical, psychiatric, mental health, or behavioral evaluation, diagnosis, or treatment plan by a qualified professional. We recommend you review the educational material with your health providers regarding the specifics of your health care needs.

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