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For people with Down syndrome, family members, caregivers and professionals.

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Testicular Cancer

Author: Brian Chicoine, MD - Medical Director, Adult Down Syndrome Center

While many solid tumor cancers are  less  common in people with Down syndrome compared to people without Down syndrome, testicular cancer is one type of solid tumor cancer that is&am

Aging and Life Expectancy

Author: Brian Chicoine, MD - Medical Director, Adult Down Syndrome Center

Today, people with Down syndrome (DS) are living longer and healthier than any other time in the past. In 1900 the life expectancy of people with DS was 9 years. By 1984, the life expectancy

Keratoconus in People with Down Syndrome

Author: Brian Chicoine, MD - Medical Director, Adult Down Syndrome Center

We received a question about treatment of keratoconus in people with Down syndrome.  What is keratoconus? Keratoconus is an eye condition in which the cornea (the clear part in the front of t

Mechanistic Analysis of Age-Related Clinical Manifestations in Down Syndrome

Author: Chen et al. - Frontiers in Aging Neuroscience (2021)

Abstract : Down syndrome (DS) is the most common genetic cause of Alzheimer's disease (AD) due to trisomy for all or part of human chromosome 21 (Hsa21). It is also associated with other pheno

Dysgerminomas in Women with Down Syndrome

Author: Brian Chicoine, MD - Medical Director, Adult Down Syndrome Center

We received a request for information on dysgerminomas in women with Down syndrome. Dysgerminomas are germ cell tumors that typically occur in the ovary. Testicular cancer is the comparable cancer in

Use of Prolia to Treat Osteoporosis

Author: Brian Chicoine, MD - Medical Director, Adult Down Syndrome Center

We were asked a question about the use of Prolia to treat osteoporosis in individuals with Down syndrome. Osteoporosis is a condition in which a person's bones become brittle or weak. It can l

Mental Wellness and Aging in Adults with Down Syndrome Webinar Slides (10/27/2020)

Author: Brian Chicoine, MD

This document contains the slides from a webinar on mental wellness and aging in adults with Down syndrome presented by Brian Chicoine, MD for the Down Syndrome Association of Minnesota.

Aging and Alzheimer's Disease in Adults with Down Syndrome Webinar Slides (11/10/2020)

Author: Brian Chicoine, MD and Katie Frank, PhD, OTR/L

This document contains the slides from a webinar on aging and Alzheimer's disease in presented by Drs. Brian Chicoine and Katie Frank on 11/10/2020. Life expectancy is also discussed.

Aging and Alzheimer's Disease in Adults with Down Syndrome Webinar Recording (11/10/2020)

Author: Brian Chicoine, MD and Katie Frank, PhD, OTR/L - Adult Down Syndrome Center

The video below is a recording of a webinar presented by Brian Chicoine, MD and Katie Frank, PhD, OTR/L on November 10, 2020. Dr. Chicoine is the co-founder and medical director of the Adult Down Synd

Mental Wellness and Aging in Adults with Down Syndrome Webinar Recording (10/27/2020)

Author: Brian Chicoine, MD - Medical Director, Adult Down Syndrome Center

The link below takes you to a recording of a webinar presented by Dr. Brian Chicoine called "Mental Wellness and Aging in Adults with Down Syndrome." The webinar was hosted by the Do

Living with Dementia

Author: Down's Syndrome Scotland

This booklet for families and caregivers of individuals with Down syndrome discusses dementia. It is provided by Down's Syndrome Scotland (www.dsscotland.org.uk/resources/publications/).

Let's Talk about Dementia

Author: Down's Syndrome Scotland

This booklet for individuals with Down syndrome explains dementia using easy-to-read language. It is provided by Down's Syndrome Scotland (www.dsscotland.org.uk/resources/publications/).

Cancer Screening in Adults with Down Syndrome: A Proposal

Author: Rethore, Rousse, Satge - European Journal of Medical Genetics (2019)

Abstract Background : The specific distribution of cancers in Down syndrome (DS) calls into question the validity of screening policies for cancer surveillance as implemented for the general populatio

Breast Cancer and Breast Cancer Screening for Women with Down Syndrome

Author: Brian Chicoine, MD - Medical Director, Adult Down Syndrome Center

Recommendations for breast cancer screening have varied over time and continue to vary. Organizations have different recommendations for when women should start being screened for breast cancer and ho

Benefits and Harms of Mammography Screening for Women with Down Syndrome

Author: Alagoz et al. - Journal of General Internal Medicine (2019)

Abstract: Background:  Women with Down syndrome have a lower breast cancer risk and significantly lower life expectancies than women without Down syndrome. Therefore, it is not clear whether

Tips for Going Up and Down Stairs Safely

Author: Katie Frank, PhD, OTR/L - Occupational Therapist, Adult Down Syndrome Center

Going up and down stairs can be challenging for some people with Down syndrome. Aging, differences in depth perception, unsteady gait, and other issues may contribute to difficulty with navigating sta

Today & Tomorrow: A Guide to Aging with Down Syndrome

Author: Canadian Down Syndrome Society - Resource

The resource linked below is a guidebook on aging from the Canadian Down Syndrome Society. While some of the information and recommendations are specific to Canada, the resource contains helpful infor

Keeping Connected to Someone with Memory Loss

Author: All Trust Home Care

This two-page resource provides ideas for staying connected to someone who is experiencing memory loss.

Alzheimer's Disease in Down Syndrome Presentation (2/26/2019)

Author: Brian Chicoine, MD - Medical Director, Adult Down Syndrome Center

The video below is a recording of a presentation called "Alzheimer's Disease in Down Syndrome" given by Brian Chicoine, MD on February 26, 2019. He provides an overview of Al

The Pattern of Malignancies in Down Syndrome and Its Potential Context with the Immune System

Author: Satge & Seidel - Frontiers in Immunology (2018)

Abstract The immune surveillance theory of cancer posits that the body's immune system detects and destroys randomly occurring malignant cells. This theory is based on the observation of the i

Vision in Adults with Down Syndrome

Author: Lalithasree Chintam, MD - Family Medicine Resident, Advocate Lutheran General Hospital

People with Down syndrome (DS) experience many of the common eye problems that people without DS experience. Some people with DS experience these common eye problems more frequently and/or at an earli

Colon Cancer Screening for People with Down Syndrome

Author: Brian Chicoine, MD - Medical Director, Adult Down Syndrome Center

Is colon cancer screening recommended for people with Down syndrome? Please note that this handout discusses screening colonoscopies (i.e. colonoscopies performed to identify pre-symptomatic or unreco

Advance Directives - Forms for Illinois Residents

Author: Illinois Department of Public Health - Website

An advance directive is a written statement you prepare that expresses how you want medical decisions made in the future should you not be able to make them yourself. Illinois law allows you

Prostate Cancer Screening in Men with Down Syndrome

Author: Brian Chicoine, MD - Medical Director, Adult Down Syndrome Center

Should men with Down syndrome (DS) undergo prostate specific antigen (PSA) blood testing for prostate cancer screening? The United States Preventive Services Task Force (USPSTF) recommends the followi

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Please note: The information on this site is for educational purposes only and is not intended to serve as a substitute for a medical, psychiatric, mental health, or behavioral evaluation, diagnosis, or treatment plan by a qualified professional. We recommend you review the educational material with your health providers regarding the specifics of your health care needs.

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