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For people with Down syndrome, family members, caregivers and professionals.

Duration: 6 ms, Number of Results: 60

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Loss of Skills and Alzheimer's Disease

Author: Brian Chicoine, MD - "Ask Dr. Chicoine" LuMind IDSC Foundation

Alzheimer’s disease is a form of cognitive impairment and decline in skills that is more common in people with Down syndrome. It is one, but not the only, type of cognitive impairment. In fa

Down Syndrome EyeWiki

Author: American Academy of Ophthalmology - Eye Encyclopedia

EyeWiki is an Eye Encyclopedia developed by the American Academy of Ophthalmology with content contributed by ophthalmologists (eye physicians and surgeons). There is a Down syndrome page wit

Unexplained Weight Loss

Author: Brian Chicoine, MD - Medical Director, Adult Down Syndrome Center

We were sent a question about unexplained weight loss. We are sharing some information here for general knowledge and/or information that can be used in consultation with your provider. While overweig

Testicular Cancer

Author: Brian Chicoine, MD - Medical Director, Adult Down Syndrome Center

While many solid tumor cancers are  less  common in people with Down syndrome compared to people without Down syndrome, testicular cancer is one type of solid tumor cancer that is&am

How is Alzheimer's Disease Diagnosed in a Person with Down Syndrome?

Author: Brian Chicoine, MD - Medical Director, Adult Down Syndrome Center

Alzheimer’s disease is a progressive neurological condition. It is a type of dementia . Alzheimer’s disease is characterized by microscopic changes in the brain that are described

Surgery to Correct Eye Crossing (Strabismus)

Author: Brian Chicoine, MD - "Ask Dr. Chicoine" LuMind IDSC Foundation

We were asked about recurrence of strabismus that had been corrected by surgery in childhood. Strabismus is crossing of the eyes. The eyes of an individual with strabismus are not lined up properly an

Breast Cancer and Breast Cancer Screening for Women with Down Syndrome

Author: Brian Chicoine, MD - Medical Director, Adult Down Syndrome Center

Recommendations for breast cancer screening have varied over time and continue to vary . Organizations have different recommendations for when women should start being screened for breast cancer and h

Keratoconus in People with Down Syndrome

Author: Brian Chicoine, MD - Medical Director, Adult Down Syndrome Center

We received a question about treatment of keratoconus in people with Down syndrome.  What is keratoconus? Keratoconus is an eye condition in which the cornea (the clear part in the front of t

Possible Causes of Hair Loss

Author: Brian Chicoine, MD - Medical Director, Adult Down Syndrome Center

Hair loss can occur for many reasons. Some of these may include:  Age is a common cause not only for men but for women, too. Alopecia is an autoimmune condition (condition in which the body&a

Mechanistic Analysis of Age-Related Clinical Manifestations in Down Syndrome

Author: Chen et al. - Frontiers in Aging Neuroscience (2021)

Abstract : Down syndrome (DS) is the most common genetic cause of Alzheimer's disease (AD) due to trisomy for all or part of human chromosome 21 (Hsa21). It is also associated with other pheno

Cross-Sectional Exploration of Plasma Biomarkers of Alzheimer's Disease in Down Syndrome: Early Data from the LIFE-DSR Study

Author: Hendrix et al. - Journal of Clinical Medicine (2021)

Abstract With improved healthcare, the Down syndrome (DS) population is both growing and aging rapidly. However, with longevity comes a very high risk of Alzheimer's disease (AD). The LIFE-DSR

Dysgerminomas in Women with Down Syndrome

Author: Brian Chicoine, MD - Medical Director, Adult Down Syndrome Center

We received a request for information on dysgerminomas in women with Down syndrome. Dysgerminomas are germ cell tumors that typically occur in the ovary. Testicular cancer is the comparable cancer in

Eating Refusal

Author: Brian Chicoine, MD - Medical Director, Adult Down Syndrome Center

We received the following question:  I have a son with Down syndrome. He had testicular cancer in his late 20s. Since then, he seems to have developed an eating disorder. He always feels he i

Aging and Alzheimer's Disease in Adults with Down Syndrome Webinar Recording (11/10/2020)

Author: Brian Chicoine, MD and Katie Frank, PhD, OTR/L - Adult Down Syndrome Center

The video below is a recording of a webinar presented by Brian Chicoine, MD and Katie Frank, PhD, OTR/L on November 10, 2020. Dr. Chicoine is the co-founder and medical director of the Adult Down Synd

Prostate Cancer Screening in Men with Down Syndrome

Author: Brian Chicoine, MD - Medical Director, Adult Down Syndrome Center

Should men with Down syndrome (DS) undergo prostate specific antigen (PSA) blood testing for prostate cancer screening? The United States Preventive Services Task Force (USPSTF) recommends the followi

Alzheimer's Disease Video Journal Segment 8

Author: Adult Down Syndrome Center - Video Journal

The video below is segment 8a of our Alzheimer's Disease Video Journal, which consists of interviews with Colleen Buffington, a woman with Down syndrome who was diagnosed with Alzheimer

Alzheimer's Disease Video Journal Segment 8b

Author: Adult Down Syndrome Center - Video Journal

The video below is segment 8b of our Alzheimer's Disease Video Journal, which consists of interviews with Colleen Buffington, a woman with Down syndrome who was diagnosed with Alzheim

Behavior Changes in Adolescents and Adults with Down Syndrome Webinar Recording (4/28/2020)

Author: Brian Chicoine, MD and Katie Frank, PhD, OTR/L - Webinar

The video below is a recording of a webinar presented by Brian Chicoine, MD and Katie Frank, PhD, OTR/L on April 28, 2020. Dr. Chicoine is the co-founder and medical director of the Adult Down Syndrom

NTG - Early Detection and Screen for Dementia (NTG-EDSD)

Author: National Task Group on Intellectual and Developmental Disabilities Practices - Dementia Screening Tool

The National Task Group on Intellectual and Developmental Disabilities Practices (NTG) developed a screening tool called the NTG - Early Detection Screen for Dementia (NTG-EDSD). This questionnaire wa

Temperature Regulation in People with Down Syndrome

Author: Brian Chicoine, MD - Medical Director, Adult Down Syndrome Center

We were sent a question about the typical body temperature of people with Down syndrome and how they regulate their body temperature.  Our review of the medical literature found little inform

Refusal to Eat Solid Foods

Author: Brian Chicoine, MD - Medical Director, Adult Down Syndrome Center

We received a question about a person with Down syndrome who was refusing to eat solids. He was found to have dental disease. He needed several fillings and had a couple baby teeth removed. The dentis

Living with Dementia

Author: Down's Syndrome Scotland

This booklet for families and caregivers of individuals with Down syndrome discusses dementia. It is provided by Down's Syndrome Scotland (www.dsscotland.org.uk/resources/publications/).

Let's Talk about Dementia

Author: Down's Syndrome Scotland

This booklet for individuals with Down syndrome explains dementia using easy-to-read language. It is provided by Down's Syndrome Scotland (www.dsscotland.org.uk/resources/publications/).

Down Syndrome and Dementia: Advances in the Field

Author: McGlinchey, McCallion, & McCarron - Current Opinion in Psychiatry (2020)

Abstract Purpose of Review:  People with Down syndrome represent the world's largest population with a genetic risk for Alzheimer's disease. This review will provide a short s

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Please note: The information on this site is for educational purposes only and is not intended to serve as a substitute for a medical, psychiatric, mental health, or behavioral evaluation, diagnosis, or treatment plan by a qualified professional. We recommend you review the educational material with your health providers regarding the specifics of your health care needs.

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