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For people with Down syndrome, family members, caregivers and professionals.

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Support Groups for Caregivers of Individuals with Down Syndrome and Alzheimer's Disease

Author: Various Organizations - Resource List

Alzheimer’s disease not only impacts the individual with the disease but also the individual’s family, friends, and caregivers. Several organizations provide in-person, online, and

Decline in Skills and Regression in Adolescents and Adults with Down Syndrome Webinar Recording (8/31/2022)

Author: Brian Chicoine, MD - Medical Director, Adult Down Syndrome Center

The video below is a recording of a webinar presented by Brian Chicoine, MD of the Adult Down Syndrome Center. Individuals with Down syndrome may experience decline in skills for many reasons

Assessment and Diagnosis of Down Syndrome Regression Disorder: International Expert Consensus

Author: Santoro et al. (2022) - Frontiers in Neurology

Abstract Objective:  To develop standardization for nomenclature, diagnostic work up and diagnostic criteria for cases of neurocognitive regression in Down syndrome. Background:  The

Electroconvulsive Therapy, Catatonia, and Regression in People with Down Syndrome

Author: Brian Chicoine, MD - Medical Director, Adult Down Syndrome Center

Electroconvulsive therapy (ECT) is a treatment that involves sedating an individual with anesthesia and then inducing a seizure with a short electrical stimulation of the brain (more information can b

Evidence of Neuroinflammation and Immunotherapy Responsiveness in Individuals with Down Syndrome Regression Disorder

Author: Santoro et al. (2022) - Journal of Neurodevelopmental Disorders

Abstract Background:  Down syndrome regression disorder is a symptom cluster consisting of neuropsychiatric regression without cause. This study evaluated the incidence of neurodiagnostic abn

Alzheimer's Disease Prevention and Healthy Aging in People with Down Syndrome Webinar Recording (5/18/2022)

Author: Brian Chicoine, MD - DSAW Webinar

On May 18, 2022, the Down Syndrome Association of Wisconsin hosted a webinar called "Alzheimer's Disease Prevention and Healthy Aging in People with Down Syndrome," presented

Obstructive Sleep Apnea, Cerebrovascular Disease, and Amyloid in Older Adults with Down Syndrome Across the Alzheimer's Continuum

Author: Lao et al. (2022) - Sleep Advances: A Journal of the Sleep Research Society

Abstract We determined the extent to which obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) is associated with increased cerebrovascular disease and amyloid burden, and the relation of the two processes across clinical

Loss of Skills and Alzheimer's Disease

Author: Brian Chicoine, MD - "Ask Dr. Chicoine" LuMind IDSC Foundation

Alzheimer’s disease is a form of cognitive impairment and decline in skills that is more common in people with Down syndrome. It is one, but not the only, type of cognitive impairment. In fa

Down Syndrome EyeWiki

Author: American Academy of Ophthalmology - Eye Encyclopedia

EyeWiki is an Eye Encyclopedia developed by the American Academy of Ophthalmology with content contributed by ophthalmologists (eye physicians and surgeons). There is a Down syndrome page wit

Testicular Cancer

Author: Brian Chicoine, MD - Medical Director, Adult Down Syndrome Center

While many solid tumor cancers are  less  common in people with Down syndrome compared to people without Down syndrome, testicular cancer is one type of solid tumor cancer that is&am

How is Alzheimer's Disease Diagnosed in a Person with Down Syndrome?

Author: Brian Chicoine, MD - Medical Director, Adult Down Syndrome Center

Alzheimer’s disease is a progressive neurological condition. It is a type of dementia . Alzheimer’s disease is characterized by microscopic changes in the brain that are described

Surgery to Correct Eye Crossing (Strabismus)

Author: Brian Chicoine, MD - "Ask Dr. Chicoine" LuMind IDSC Foundation

We were asked about recurrence of strabismus that had been corrected by surgery in childhood. Strabismus is crossing of the eyes. The eyes of an individual with strabismus are not lined up properly an

Breast Cancer and Breast Cancer Screening for Women with Down Syndrome

Author: Brian Chicoine, MD - Medical Director, Adult Down Syndrome Center

Recommendations for breast cancer screening have varied over time and continue to vary   . Organizations have different recommendations for when women should start being screened for breast c

Keratoconus in People with Down Syndrome

Author: Brian Chicoine, MD - Medical Director, Adult Down Syndrome Center

We received a question about treatment of keratoconus in people with Down syndrome.  What is keratoconus? Keratoconus is an eye condition in which the cornea (the clear part in the front of t

Regression in Persons with Down Syndrome

Author: Down Syndrome Medical Interest Group - USA - Current Consensus Update for Families

In October 2021, the Down Syndrome Medical Interest Group - USA (DSMIG-USA) shared a consensus update for families called "Regression in Persons with Down Syndrome." The res

Possible Causes of Regression in People with Down Syndrome during the COVID-19 Pandemic

Author: Brian Chicoine, MD - Medical Director, Adult Down Syndrome Center

We received a question about a man with Down syndrome in his late 30s. His family shared that he developed catatonia, was hearing people speaking in his head, and lost a significant amount of weight.

Mechanistic Analysis of Age-Related Clinical Manifestations in Down Syndrome

Author: Chen et al. - Frontiers in Aging Neuroscience (2021)

Abstract : Down syndrome (DS) is the most common genetic cause of Alzheimer's disease (AD) due to trisomy for all or part of human chromosome 21 (Hsa21). It is also associated with other pheno

Epilepsy in Down Syndrome: A Highly Prevalent Comorbidity

Author: Altuna, Gimenez, & Fortea - Journal of Clinical Medicine (2021)

Abstract Individuals with Down syndrome (DS) have an increased risk for epilepsy during the whole lifespan, but especially after age 40 years. The increase in the number of individuals with DS living

Stroke and Vascular Disease in Down Syndrome Webinar Recording

Author: Jonathan Santoro, MD - Director of Neuroimmunology and Demyelinating Disorders Program at Children's Hospital Los Angeles, Assistant Professor of Neurology at the Keck School of Medicine at the University of Southern California

The webinar below was hosted by the Down Syndrome Association of Los Angeles. The topic was "Stroke and Vascular Disease in Down Syndrome: How to Identify and Prevent." The presenter

Regression in Down Syndrome Support Group

Author: Eileen Quinn, MD - Moderator

The link below takes you to a closed Facebook page for families, caregivers, and professionals who support individuals with Down syndrome who have experienced or are experiencing regression. If you cl

Cross-Sectional Exploration of Plasma Biomarkers of Alzheimer's Disease in Down Syndrome: Early Data from the LIFE-DSR Study

Author: Hendrix et al. - Journal of Clinical Medicine (2021)

Abstract With improved healthcare, the Down syndrome (DS) population is both growing and aging rapidly. However, with longevity comes a very high risk of Alzheimer's disease (AD). The LIFE-DSR

Dysgerminomas in Women with Down Syndrome

Author: Brian Chicoine, MD - Medical Director, Adult Down Syndrome Center

We received a request for information on dysgerminomas in women with Down syndrome. Dysgerminomas are germ cell tumors that typically occur in the ovary. Testicular cancer is the comparable cancer in

Tourette Syndrome and Down Syndrome

Author: Brian Chicoine, MD - Medical Director, Adult Down Syndrome Center

Tourette syndrome (TS) is a hereditary, chronic neuromuscular condition consisting of motor and vocal tics. Tics are sudden, involuntary, brief, repetitive movements and vocalizations.  Motor

Aging and Alzheimer's Disease in Adults with Down Syndrome Webinar Recording (11/10/2020)

Author: Brian Chicoine, MD and Katie Frank, PhD, OTR/L - Adult Down Syndrome Center

The video below is a recording of a webinar presented by Brian Chicoine, MD and Katie Frank, PhD, OTR/L on November 10, 2020. Dr. Chicoine is the co-founder and medical director of the Adult Down Synd

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