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For people with Down syndrome, family members, caregivers and professionals.

Duration: 31 ms, Number of Results: 39

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Assessment and Diagnosis of Down Syndrome Regression Disorder: International Expert Consensus

Author: Santoro et al. (2022) - Frontiers in Neurology

Abstract Objective:  To develop standardization for nomenclature, diagnostic work up and diagnostic criteria for cases of neurocognitive regression in Down syndrome. Background:  The

Using First/Then Boards

Author: Katie Frank, PhD, OTR/L - Occupational Therapist, Adult Down Syndrome Center

We like to use visual supports to set or manage expectations. One type of visual support that can be helpful is a first/then board. When using a visual support, there can be words, pictures, or a comb

Electroconvulsive Therapy, Catatonia, and Regression in People with Down Syndrome

Author: Brian Chicoine, MD - Medical Director, Adult Down Syndrome Center

Electroconvulsive therapy (ECT) is a treatment that involves sedating an individual with anesthesia and then inducing a seizure with a short electrical stimulation of the brain (more information can b

Individualized Visual Schedules

Author: Katie Frank, PhD, OTR/L - Occupational Therapist, Adult Down Syndrome Center

Visuals tend to be most effective when they are individualized. What works for one person may be different than what works for another person. Schedules are one example of a type of visual that may va

Evidence of Neuroinflammation and Immunotherapy Responsiveness in Individuals with Down Syndrome Regression Disorder

Author: Santoro et al. (2022) - Journal of Neurodevelopmental Disorders

Abstract Background:  Down syndrome regression disorder is a symptom cluster consisting of neuropsychiatric regression without cause. This study evaluated the incidence of neurodiagnostic abn

Using Games in Social Skills Groups

Author: Katie Frank, PhD, OTR/L - Occupational Therapist, Adult Down Syndrome Center

We have found that incorporating games into our social skills groups can help convey important messages as well as help participants practice appropriate social skills in a non-threa

Irritable Bowel Syndrome

Author: Brian Chicoine, MD - Medical Director, Adult Down Syndrome Center

Irritable bowel syndrome (IBS) is a health issue in the intestines (bowels). It is not clear how common it is in people with Down syndrome (DS).  However, we suspect that IBS is more common i

Swallowing Problems (Dysphagia)

Author: Brian Chicoine, MD - Medical Director, Adult Down Syndrome Center

Swallowing problems (dysphagia) are common in people with Down syndrome (DS). In our large cohort study that reviewed health data from people cared for within Advocate Health, swallowing problems were

Regression in Persons with Down Syndrome

Author: Down Syndrome Medical Interest Group - USA - Current Consensus Update for Families

In October 2021, the Down Syndrome Medical Interest Group - USA (DSMIG-USA) shared a consensus update for families called "Regression in Persons with Down Syndrome." The res

Possible Causes of Regression in People with Down Syndrome during the COVID-19 Pandemic

Author: Brian Chicoine, MD - Medical Director, Adult Down Syndrome Center

We received a question about a man with Down syndrome in his late 30s. His family shared that he developed catatonia, was hearing people speaking in his head, and lost a significant amount of weight.

Using "I" Statements

Author: Katie Frank, PhD, OTR/L and Laura Chicoine, BA - Adult Down Syndrome Center

We discuss "I" statements in our social skills groups for individuals with Down syndrome. "I" statements are a way to share how we feel in a clear, calm, and respec

Group Rules

Author: Adult Down Syndrome Center - Resource List

We go over "group rules" at the beginning of every in-person and virtual group for individuals with Down syndrome that we facilitate at the Adult Down Syndrome Center. We th

Regression in Down Syndrome Support Group

Author: Eileen Quinn, MD - Moderator

The link below takes you to a closed Facebook page for families, caregivers, and professionals who support individuals with Down syndrome who have experienced or are experiencing regression. If you cl

Use of Probiotics by People with Down Syndrome

Author: Adult Down Syndrome Center - Resource

What are probiotics? Probiotics are foods or supplements that contain live microorganisms (e.g., bacteria). Foods with labels that say "live and active cultures" contain probiotics.

Liver Fibrosis

Author: Brian Chicoine, MD - Medical Director, Adult Down Syndrome Center

Fibrosis of the liver can be thought of as a "scar" in the liver that results from chronic liver injury. It is similar to scarring that may form on the skin or in the lung or other o

Tips for Running Virtual Social Groups

Author: Katie Frank, PhD, OTR/L - Occupational Therapist, Adult Down Syndrome Center

Since April, staff at the Adult Down Syndrome Center have been hosting online socials and social skills groups via Zoom. Our goal is to encourage social participation and engagement while we maintain

Down Syndrome Disintegrative Disorder: A Clinical Regression Syndrome of Increasing Importance

Author: Rosso et al. - Pediatrics (2020)

Abstract Down syndrome disintegrative disorder (DSDD), a developmental regression in children with Down syndrome (DS), is a clinical entity that is characterized by a loss of previously acquired adapt

Decline in Skills and Regression in Adolescents and Adults with Down Syndrome Webinar Recording (5/5/2020)

Author: Brian Chicoine, MD - NDSS Adult Summit

The link below takes you to a recording of a webinar by Brian Chicoine, MD, called "Decline in Skills and Regression in Adolescents and Adults with Down Syndrome." This webinar was p

Refusal to Eat Solid Foods

Author: Brian Chicoine, MD - Medical Director, Adult Down Syndrome Center

We received a question about a person with Down syndrome who was refusing to eat solids. He was found to have dental disease. He needed several fillings and had a couple baby teeth removed. The dentis

Regression and Loss of Skills in Adolescents and Adults with Down Syndrome Presentation (2/17/2020)

Author: Brian Chicoine, MD - Medical Director, Adult Down Syndrome Center

The video below is a recording of Brian Chicoine, MD, medical director of the Adult Down Syndrome Center, presenting on "Regression and Loss of Skills in Adolescents and Adults with Down Synd

Unexplained Regression in Down Syndrome: 35 Cases from an International Down Syndrome Database

Author: Santoro et al. - Genetics in Medicine (2019)

Abstract: Purpose:  An entity of regression in Down syndrome (DS) exists that affects adolescents and young adults and differs from autism spectrum disorder and Alzheimer disease.  M

Treating Gastroesophageal Reflux Disease with Surgery

Author: Brian Chicoine, MD - Medical Director, Adult Down Syndrome Center

We were asked about surgical options for treating gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD). GERD occurs when stomach contents, including acid, go "backwards" from the stomach up into t

Catatonia in Down Syndrome: Systematic Approach to Diagnosis, Treatment and Outcome Assessment Based on a Case Series of Seven Patients

Author: Miles, Takahashi, Muckerman, Nowell, Ithman - Neuropsychiatric Disease and Treatment - 2019

Abstract Objective:  The goal is to expand our knowledge of catatonia occurring in adolescents and young adults with Down syndrome (DS) by describing the first prospective, consecutive, well-

Decline in Skills - Webinar (2019)

Author: Brian Chicoine, MD - Medical Director, Adult Down Syndrome Center

The link below takes you to a recording of a webinar presented by Dr. Brian Chicoine called "Decline in Skills." People with Down syndrome may have a decline in skills for a variety

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Please note: The information on this site is for educational purposes only and is not intended to serve as a substitute for a medical, psychiatric, mental health, or behavioral evaluation, diagnosis, or treatment plan by a qualified professional. We recommend you review the educational material with your health providers regarding the specifics of your health care needs.

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