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For people with Down syndrome, family members, caregivers and professionals.

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Hearing Loss in Adults with Down Syndrome

Author: Brian Chicoine, MD - Medical Director, Adult Down Syndrome Center

Hearing loss is more common in people with Down syndrome (DS) of all ages. Hearing loss is typically divided into three categories:  Conductive . This involves the outer and middle ear and ma

Evaluation of Upper Airway Stimulation for Adolescents with Down Syndrome and Obstructive Sleep Apnea

Author: Yu et al. (2022) - JAMA Otolaryngology-Head & Neck Surgery

Abstract Importance   Patients with Down syndrome have a high incidence of persistent obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) and limited treatment options. Upper airway hypoglossal stimulatio

Unexplained Weight Loss

Author: Brian Chicoine, MD - Medical Director, Adult Down Syndrome Center

We were sent a question about unexplained weight loss. We are sharing some information here for general knowledge and/or information that can be used in consultation with your provider. While overweig

Prevalence of Infectious Diseases Among 6078 Individuals with Down Syndrome in the United States

Author: Fitzpatrick et al. - Journal of Patient-Centered Research and Reviews

Abstract A recent disease prevalence study of the largest documented Down syndrome (DS) cohort in the United States strongly suggested significant disparity in general infectious disease conditions am

Possible Causes of Hair Loss

Author: Brian Chicoine, MD - Medical Director, Adult Down Syndrome Center

Hair loss can occur for many reasons. Some of these may include:  Age is a common cause not only for men but for women, too. Alopecia is an autoimmune condition (condition in which the body&a

Eating Refusal

Author: Brian Chicoine, MD - Medical Director, Adult Down Syndrome Center

We received the following question:  I have a son with Down syndrome. He had testicular cancer in his late 20s. Since then, he seems to have developed an eating disorder. He always feels he i

Financial Wellness: A Guide for Individuals with Disabilities, their Families and Caregivers

Author: National Down Syndrome Society - In collaboration with Voya Cares

In collaboration with Voya Cares, the National Down Syndrome Society published a guidebook on financial wellness. Topics include the basics of financial wellness, government benefits, workplace benefi

Behavior Changes in Adolescents and Adults with Down Syndrome Webinar Recording (4/28/2020)

Author: Brian Chicoine, MD and Katie Frank, PhD, OTR/L - Webinar

The video below is a recording of a webinar presented by Brian Chicoine, MD and Katie Frank, PhD, OTR/L on April 28, 2020. Dr. Chicoine is the co-founder and medical director of the Adult Down Syndrom

Temperature Regulation in People with Down Syndrome

Author: Brian Chicoine, MD - Medical Director, Adult Down Syndrome Center

We were sent a question about the typical body temperature of people with Down syndrome and how they regulate their body temperature.  Our review of the medical literature found little inform

Refusal to Eat Solid Foods

Author: Brian Chicoine, MD - Medical Director, Adult Down Syndrome Center

We received a question about a person with Down syndrome who was refusing to eat solids. He was found to have dental disease. He needed several fillings and had a couple baby teeth removed. The dentis

Chronic Cough in Adults with Down Syndrome

Author: Ravi Shah, MD - Family Medicine Resident, Advocate Lutheran General Hospital

Definition: Chronic cough is defined as any cough that lasts greater than three weeks. It is a common condition in adults with Down syndrome. Reasons that chronic cough have a higher frequency in peop

Steps to Accessing Adult Services and Supports

Author: Grace O’Connor and Ann Garcia - Patient Advocates, Adult Down Syndrome Center

While special education services are an entitlement, adult services are based on eligibility and availability of funding. If you are eligible and funding is available, services can be accessed. In the

The Role of Polypharmacy - General Aging in Intellectual and Developmental Disabilities

Author: Julie A. Moran, DO - Geriatrician, Aging and Intellectual/Developmental Disabilities Specialist

The webinar recording below was shared by the Center for Developmental Disabilities Evaluation and Research (CDDER) and the Massachusetts Department of Developmental Services (DDS). The presentation s

Influenza

Author: Shelly Verma, DO - Family Medicine Resident, Advocate Lutheran General Hospital

Influenza, or the flu, is caused by the influenza virus. Flu season starts in the fall and peaks between December to March. However, it can last as late as May. There are many different strains of the

Self-Reported Presence and Experience of Pain in Adults with Down Syndrome

Author: de Knegt et al. - Pain Medicine (2017)

Abstract: Objective: The aim was to examine whether the presence of pain (based on physical conditions and participants’ report) and self-reported pain experience in adults with Down syndrom

Cerumen Impaction (Ear Wax)

Author: Shaza Khan, DO - Family Medicine Resident, Advocate Lutheran General Hospital

What is cerumen? Cerumen impaction? Cerumen is ear wax. Cerumen impaction is the buildup of ear wax causing a blockage in your ear canal. What are the signs and symptoms of cerumen impaction? Ear full

Upper Respiratory Infection - The Common Cold

Author: Jenna Okerblom, DO - Family Medicine Resident, Advocate Lutheran General Hospital

What is it? Most commonly caused by respiratory viruses. Signs and symptoms of the common cold include fever, cough, runny nose, congestion, sore throat, headache, and aches and pains all over. Usuall

Reduced Pain Responses in Individuals with Down Syndrome

Author: Lisa Dahl, DO - Family Medicine Resident, Advocate Lutheran General Hospital

Individuals with Down syndrome have reduced and delayed pain responses. They are not insensitive to pain, but their expression is delayed and less precise. It is hard to tell if there is a decreased a

Pandemic (H1N1) 2009 Virus and Down Syndrome Patients

Author: Perez-Padilla et al. - Emerging Infectious Diseases (2010)

Abstract We compared prevalence of hospitalization, endotracheal intubation, and death among case-patients with and without Down syndrome during pandemic (H1N1) 2009 in Mexico. Likelihoods of hospital

Fatigue

Author: Brian Chicoine, MD - Medical Director, Adult Down Syndrome Center

I recently had a couple inquiries about people with Down syndrome in their 50s or 60s who developed increased fatigue and falling asleep easily (these were new symptoms). Questions asked included: Is

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Please note: The information on this site is for educational purposes only and is not intended to serve as a substitute for a medical, psychiatric, mental health, or behavioral evaluation, diagnosis, or treatment plan by a qualified professional. We recommend you review the educational material with your health providers regarding the specifics of your health care needs.

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