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For people with Down syndrome, family members, caregivers and professionals.

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Urinary Retention

Author: Agni Vlahos, MD and Brian Chicoine, MD - Family Medicine

The bladder is an organ composed of layers of smooth muscle that sits in the pelvis. The function of the bladder is to collect urine that is made in the kidneys. When the bladder reaches its 

Bunions in People with Down Syndrome

Author: Brian Chicoine, MD - Medical Director, Adult Down Syndrome Center

A bunion (also known as hallux valgus) is a bony projection or bump that forms at the base of the big toe. If the joint at the base of the big toe is subjected to great pressure while walking, the big

Testicular Cancer

Author: Brian Chicoine, MD - Medical Director, Adult Down Syndrome Center

While many solid tumor cancers are  less  common in people with Down syndrome compared to people without Down syndrome, testicular cancer is one type of solid tumor cancer that is&am

Dental Implants

Author: Brian Chicoine, MD - Medical Director, Adult Down Syndrome Center

We sometimes receive questions about dental implants. A small number of people with Down syndrome seen in our office have reported that they opted to get dental implants, and most of these individuals

Kidney Function in People with Down Syndrome

Author: Brian Chicoine, MD - Medical Director, Adult Down Syndrome Center

We frequently see that the lab values of kidney function of people with Down syndrome (DS) we evaluate at our Center are mildly abnormal. The kidney function is slightly decreased compared to what is

Overpronation

Author: Brian Chicoine, MD - Medical Director, Adult Down Syndrome Center

What is overpronation of the ankle? In short, when we walk, typically the outside of our heel strikes the ground first and then the rest of our foot rolls to come in contact with the ground. Then our

Dental Care Guidance for Caregivers of Patients with Down Syndrome

Author: Greg Grillo, DDS and Andrew Jordan, DDM - Dentably

The article linked below shares information about common dental problems, finding the right dentist, sedation, appointment preparation, and more.  https://www.emergencydentistsusa.com/down-sy

Flat Feet in People with Down Syndrome

Author: Lorri Riley, DPM - j1 insoles

The website at the link below discusses flat feet and Down syndrome. The website also contains information about j1 insoles, a line of medical grade insoles for adults and children that are less expen

Sport Preparticipation Screening for Asymptomatic Atlantoaxial Instability in Patients with Down Syndrome

Author: Tomlinson et al. - Clinical Journal of Sport Medicine (2018)

Abstract: Down syndrome (DS) is a clinical syndrome comprising typical facial features and various physical and intellectual disabilities due to extra genetic material on chromosome 21, with one in ev

Ligamentous Laxity

Author: Peter Waller, DO - Family Medicine Resident, Advocate Lutheran General Hospital

Ligaments are bands of fibrous connective tissue in our body that connect one bone to another bone and provide support to our joints. In people with Down syndrome, these ligaments tend to be loose lea

Atlantoaxial Instability Screening

Author: Brian Chicoine, MD - Medical Director, Adult Down Syndrome Center

Atlantoaxial instability (AAI) is subluxation or slippage of the first neck vertebrae in relation to the second. It is more common in people with Down syndrome (DS) and there are unique screening cons

Oral Health and Hygiene Presentation (3/6/2018)

Author: Blase Brown, DDS, MA, Bridget Brown, and UIC Dental Students - Video

The video below is a recording of a presentation on Oral Health and Hygiene hosted by the Adult Down Syndrome Center in March 2018. Self-advocate Bridget Brown describes important aspects of oral hygi

Rate of Urinary Retention in Adults with Down Syndrome

Author: Chicoine & Sulo - Journal of the American Board of Family Medicine (2015)

Abstract: Purpose:  Down syndrome (DS) is associated with a higher incidence of many medical conditions, but little information regarding urinary retention exists. We assessed the urinary ret

Knee Pain from Patellofemoral Syndrome

Author: Julia Howell, MD - Family Medicine Resident, Advocate Lutheran General Hospital

People with Down syndrome can often have laxity, or looseness, of the ligaments that support joints. The knee is no exception. The patella, or knee cap, attaches to the muscles of the upper and lower

Trampolines

Author: Brian Chicoine, MD - Medical Director, Adult Down Syndrome Center

We periodically get asked about the use of trampolines by people with Down syndrome. Recreational use of trampolines is associated with significant injuries. The American Academy of Pediatrics recomme

Spondylolisthesis and Cervical Subluxation

Author: Brian Chicoine, MD - Medical Director, Adult Down Syndrome Center

We received a question regarding spondylolisthesis. Spondylolisthesis is a slippage of one vertebrae over another. Most commonly this refers to slippage in the lumbar (lower) part of the back. Slippag

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