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For people with Down syndrome, family members, caregivers and professionals.

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Sunscreen Use

Author: Brian Chicoine, MD - Medical Director, Adult Down Syndrome Center

When the summer months approach, many of us stock up on sunscreen and other products to protect our skin from the sun. While we tend to associate sun exposure with the warmer seasons, we need to prote

Vitamin B12 Deficiency

Author: Brian Chicoine, MD - Adult Down Syndrome Center

Vitamin B12 deficiency is an issue that we often check for in individuals who receive medical care at the Adult Down Syndrome Center. We usually get enough vitamin B12 from the foods we eat. Vitamin B

Down Syndrome and Hidradenitis Suppurativa

Author: The Society for Pediatric Dermatology - Patient education

Hidradenitis suppurativa (HS) is a chronic skin condition that causes painful bumps under the skin. The handout linked below was developed by the Society for Pediatric Dermatology   . Informa

Possible Causes of Hair Loss

Author: Brian Chicoine, MD - Medical Director, Adult Down Syndrome Center

Hair loss can occur for many reasons. Some of these may include:  Age is a common cause not only for men but for women, too. Alopecia is an autoimmune condition (condition in which the body&a

Bathing and Showering Tips

Author: Natalie Rivera, OTS and Katie Frank, PhD, OTR/L - Occupational therapy student and occupational therapist

Bathing and showering may be difficult for some individuals with Down syndrome for many reasons. Below are a variety of adaptive strategies and equipment to promote safety and independence with this s

Skin Conditions in Down Syndrome

Author: Down Syndrome Center of Western Pennsylvania - Podcast

The medical director of the Down Syndrome Center of Western Pennsylvania, Kishore Vellody, MD, hosts a podcast that focuses on a wide range of issues related to Down syndrome. In the video episodes li

Tips for Washing and Rinsing Hair in the Shower

Author: Adult Down Syndrome Center

Some families have shared with us that washing and rinsing hair can be a challenging task for their loved ones with Down syndrome. We have compiled a list of suggestions from families for mak

Folliculitis and Boils in People with Down Syndrome

Author: Adult Down Syndrome Center

Folliculitis and boils are two skin conditions that are more common in people with Down syndrome than in people without Down syndrome. The article below describes these conditions, how they are diagno

Skin, Hair, and Nail Concerns in People with Down Syndrome

Author: Erin Dominiak, MD - Adult Down Syndrome Center

The video below is a recording of a presentation from the Adult Down Syndrome Center's Healthy Me, Healthy You, Healthy Us Conference held on April 6, 2019. The presentation features 

Seborrheic Dermatitis

Author: Pathik Patel, DO - Family Medicine Resident, Advocate Lutheran General Hospital

Skin disorders are common in individuals with Down syndrome. Seborrheic dermatitis is one of the more common skin problems. It is a chronic, relapsing form of dermatitis (inflammation of the skin) cha

Alopecia

Author: Naomi Roman, DO - Family Medicine Resident, Advocate Lutheran General Hospital

Several autoimmune diseases are more prevalent in people with Down syndrome (DS) including alopecia areata, a chronic immunological disorder that targets hair follicles and causes hair loss. When a pe

Ringworm, Athlete's Foot, and Jock Itch

Author: Asma Sayeed, MD - Family Medicine Resident, Advocate Lutheran General Hospital

Ringworm, athlete’s foot and jock itch are fungal infections that are more common among individuals with Down syndrome. There are a variety of likely reasons for that including a tendency to

Normal Abnormal Lab Values

Author: Hannah Graham, MD - Advocate Lutheran General Hospital

When running routine blood tests, sometimes abnormal values are flagged by the lab or computer system. Some of these values, while outside of the normal range, are still typical and/or acceptable for

Onychomycosis - Toenail Fungal Infection

Author: Amanda Wojciechowski, MD - Family Medicine Resident, Advocate Lutheran General Hospital

Onychomycosis or toenail fungal infection is common among individuals with Down syndrome (DS). Toenail fungal infections occur due to the weak immune system of individuals with DS but also are more li

Recurrent Pneumonia

Author: Brian Chicoine, MD - Medical Director, Adult Down Syndrome Center

Definition of Pneumonia  (by the Mayo Clinic ) Pneumonia is an infection that inflames the air sacs in one or both lungs. The air sacs may fill with fluid or pus, causing cough with phlegm or

Low White Blood Cell Count

Author: Brian Chicoine, MD - Medical Director, Adult Down Syndrome Center

What is the significance of a low white blood cell count (neutropenia)? We commonly find that our adult patients with Down syndrome have a mildly reduced white blood cell count. What does it mean? Wha

Elevated Globulin

Author: Brian Chicoine, MD - Medical Director, Adult Down Syndrome Center

Globulins are antibodies (found and measured in the blood) that are elevated in inflammatory conditions, infections, and some cancers. We often find the globulin level to be elevated in people with Do

MCH and MCV

Author: Brian Chicoine, MD - Medical Director, Adult Down Syndrome Center

We received a question about MCH and MCV. The question concerned an individual with Down syndrome who had a high MCH and MCV. MCH is mean corpuscular hemoglobin (the average amount of hemoglobin in th

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