Purpose of Review: To review clinical updates and current healthcare issues for adolescents with Down syndrome and intellectual disabilities, including behavioral, social, and emotional issues, health supervision recommendations, and recommendations for supporting the transition process.
Recent Findings: Several recent findings merit particular attention: low activity levels and implications for overweight and poor bone density; high prevalence of obstructive sleep apnea and its implications; prevalence of mental health and behavioral concerns; and need for appropriate transition services.
Summary: In guiding adolescents with Down syndrome towards healthy productive adult lives, clinicians can make use of healthcare guidelines and should also take a broader, more interdisciplinary approach to ensure that social, educational, and vocational plans are in place to support physical and mental health and development during transition into adulthood. Many of these issues have broader applicability to any adolescent with an intellectual disability.
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